Treatment of Allergic Reaction to Bee Sting
Insect bites as well bee and wasp sting reaction does not usually cause any serious problems or complications for the majority of people. However, in rare cases the person may produce an allergic reaction to bee sting, causing a variety of very dangerous symptoms, including anaphylaxis. It is important to be able to determine if the reaction that is happening is a case of normal immune system response or an allergic reaction. If the person does not have allergies, only the area around the spot where the sting occurred will be affected, causing minor to mild discomfort, pain, itching, redness, and swelling, which will dissipate in a span of 5 to 10 minutes. An allergic wasp sting reaction however, will cause these and several other symptoms to surface in many different areas of the organism, often adding nausea, headache, dizziness, or diarrhea to the list of symptoms. The person with allergies will almost definitely experience an extreme drop in blood pressure, leading to a condition known as anaphylactic shock.
Treatment of such a reaction to bee sting includes the following:
- Call emergency medical service or have your friends or family call them for you.
- See if the stinger is still present at the spot and remove it promptly. The stinger is usually easily removed, but if you have any trouble pulling it out with your fingers you may try to swipe it out with a hard, pointy object like a credit card or a car/house key.
- Use Epi-pen if one is present. A person with known allergies to bee sting should always carry an Epi-pen when going out to an environment with a risk of sting.
- Wait for help to arrive. You may still need medical attention even if you no longer have any of the symptoms.
If you do not have an Epi-pen:
- Apply ice packs or a cold object (frozen vegetables or other products) to the area of the sting.
- Clean the area of the sting with soap and water.
- Use any available medications that may improve your symptoms: apply hydrocortisone cream to the area of the sting; take an antihistamine like Benadryl; use ibuprofen or any other non-prescription pain reliever.
- Wait for help to arrive. Do not lie down while waiting! The best course of action is to find a place to sit; if there isn't any - sit on the floor or on the ground while maintaining an upright position.